International Journal of Applied Biology and Forensics

Welcome to International Journal of Applied Biology and Forensics

What we Offer?

International Journal of Applied Biology and Forensics offers broad range of services related to literature publication in domain of Biological and Forensic Sciences.

Article Publication

IJABF is primarily aimed to publish quality manuscripts after peer review from its experienced and loyal reviewers from all around the globe. For further details about aim and scope of IJABF please visit.

Technical Services

We have an excellent team to assist interdisciplinary researchers to refine their manuscripts through peer editing and proofreading services. For further details please visit.

Teaching & Training

IJABF organizes multilevel training session in different educational and research institutes to enhance the professional skills of students as well as faculty members.

Latest Publications

Would you like to know about latest advancements in sciences?

Investigation of Biochemical Changes in Saliva and Blood of Diabetic Patients

Abdul Razzaq, Muhammad Sajid and Nasir Iqbal

Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (IMBB), The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan.




Diabetes mellitus is group of metabolic disorders characterized by an inability to produce sufficient insulin or to responds insulin that results high blood glucose level. Type-1 diabetes mellitus considered as an autoimmune disease and required life-long treatment with exogenous insulin. Blood glucose levels along with serum insulin level required for diagnosis. In present study serum and salivary biochemical changes in type-1 diabetes mellitus patients were analyzed to evaluate non-invasive diagnostic markers. For this purpose, serum calcium, phosphate, total protein, alkaline phosphatase and salivary calcium, phosphate and alpha amylase were analyzed. Overall high serum calcium levels were found in diabetic patients. Serum phosphate levels were found lower in diabetic patients as compare to normal individuals. Serum alkaline phosphatase and total protein levels were also significantly higher in diabetic patients. Salivary calcium levels increased significantly in diabetic patients as compare to normal individuals. While the salivary phosphate and salivary alpha amylase levels significantly decreased in type-1 diabetic patients. It is suggested that saliva is absolute surrogate of blood that can be used to diagnose and evaluate the progression of type-1 diabetes mellitus and as non-invasive diagnostic body fluid.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Exogenous Insulin, Autoimmune, Non-Invasive Diagnostic Markers, Surrogate.

Effects of Injected Insulin on Histological Structures of Pancreas Gland in Adult Male Indigenous Rabbit

Bassim Abdullah Jassim

College of Science, Al-Muthanna University, Iraq




The study designated to investigate the histological effect of the insulin on the pancreas in male adult indigenous rabbit. Treated group carry out number of experimental animals with age range 1-6 months, the experimental animals were divided in to three treated groups (A, B, C,) and control group (D) each group composed of six animal with control and each group divided in to two subgroup. Each subgroup contained three animals composed of treated and waited subgroups according on the time of injected insulin. The histological result of first treated group showed the significant decrease in the thickness of the connective tissue capsule also tissue section of the Islet of Langerhans appeared hypertrophy in cell type that consist of the endocrine acinus regions of pancreas gland.

Keywords: Insulin, Rabbit, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, GDM, Pancreas

Time Need of Plant Medication: A Case Study Review on Tuberculosis

Muhammad Adnan, Ali Raza, Akaash Raza, Amir Ijaz, Muhammad Aftab Akhtar and Saima Noreen

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan

Department of Zoology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan




Tuberculosis is a deadly disease mainly caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Its treatment has proven a difficult task for humanity. More than 20 allopathic medicines are used for the treatment of tuberculosis. Almost all the drugs cause adverse effects like hypersensitivity reactions, hepatitis, vomiting, nausea etc. Due to these side effects of allopathic medication, the demand of use of herbal medication is increasing day by day. The demand of herbal medicines is also increasing due to the fact that M. tuberculosis showing much resistance against traditional allopathic drugs and attaining the condition of Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Extensively Drug Resistant-Tuberculosis (XDR-TB). This particular review is aimed at importance of antiTB medicinal plants. About 15 plants are addressed in this review work, which have the potential to treat the tuberculosis. This review will stimulate researchers to conduct research on the anti-tubercular activity of different medicinal plants.

Key words: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Allopathic Medication, Medicinal Plants, Drug Resistance, Anti-TB